Division of Forces: Infantry, Artillery,
Composition of Forces
Continental Line - On active duty
State Line - On active duty
Minute Men - Subject to immediate call
Militia - Subject to call by the General Command
Guards or Invalid Forces - Organized for specific
Most of the men in the Continental and State Line
and Minute Men were under 35 years of age. Militia age limits
- 16 to 50 years. Guards - composed of those unfit for active
duty and invalid soldiers who had previously had duty.
Legion - Consisted of six companies of infantry
and one troop of calvary of 100 men each. Officers: A captain,
two lieutenants and one ensign with the exception of the cavalry
which had a cornet instead of an ensign. Legion: A Lt. Colonel
and two majors; commanded by a Brigadier General.
Artillery Company - One captain, three lieutenants,
one sergeant, 4 bombardiers, 8 gunners, 48 matrosses.
Infantry Company - Normally 500 men commanded by
a captain, two lieutenants, one ensign, minimum 12 men 12 men
- maximum 68 men.
Battalion - 500 to 1,000 men commanded by a Colonel,
Lt. Colonel and a Major.
How Armed: Colonel, Lt. Colonel, Major - sword;
Captain and Lieutenants - gun, bayonet and sword; Ensign - sword;
Non-Commissioned Officers and Privates - rifle and tomahawk or
bayonet. Each Captain was required to appoint a drummer and fifer
for his company.
Regiment: In addition to general officers, each
regiment had a chaplain, paymaster, adjutant, quartermaster, surgeon,
two surgeon's mates and a sergeant major.
Other Notes from Acts of General
In August 1775 the Virginia Convention divided
the colony into sixteen military districts and required each
district to enlist 500 men.
Gloucester Military District: Composed of the
counties of Gloucester, King and Queen, Essex and Middlesex.
Military District: Committee of Safety composed
of three members from the Committee of Safety for each county
in the district.
Full Acts of General Assembly are found in Henings