PUBLICATION 3 - 1967
ATTACK ON THE EVANS FAMILY, 1779
By Luther F. Addington
John Evans and his son, Jesse, came to the upper Clinch River Valley from Amherst County in 1773 and settled some eight miles northeast of the present town of Tazewell.
Jesse Evans and his little family were happy in their cabin home. Fearing that Indians might attack and thinking that a fence built around the house with slabs from a sawmill might prove of some protection, Jesse had made such a fence. The slabs, or wattlings, as they were called, were close together, forming a wall which was six feet high. Just beyond this fence at the rear of the house was a vegetable garden.
One day in the midsummer of 1779, four of the children asked Mrs. Evans to be allowed to go out and play; and she told them they might but to watch out for Indians.
eldest daughter got busy weaving cloth; as Mrs. Evans wove, her
Mrs. Evans jumped up from her weaving and started to run outside when she saw eight or ten Indians knocking slabs off the fence and pouring through. They had guns, scalping knives and tomahawks in their hands. They made the valley roar with a war whoop.
When she got to the door, she saw her children being tomahawked and scalped. She instantly believed that the four children outside were now dead and there was nothing she could do for them. But she might save herself and her eldest child.
She slammed the door and dropped the long bar in place. But the door was too small for the opening, and she knew the Indians could poke a gun through it and fire at her. She told her daughter to get in a corner away from the door and sit down. The girl did as told and sat crying.
Presently, a gun barrel was thrust through the crack at the side of the door and an Indian outside was using it as a lever to pry the door open. Seeing what the attackers were trying to do, Mrs. Evans came up beside the wall to the edge of the door and grabbed to the gun barrel. She, like most frontier women, had worked in the fields and was strong.
With both hands she jerked at the gun barrel and brought it through as far as it would come. She now had slight advantage because she was in possession of more of the gun then the savage.
A tug-of-war ensued. She jerked, and the Indian outside jerked. She could hear shouting and laughing. But she held on to the gun barrel, straining her every muscle to keep the Indians from getting the door open.
Soon the gun relaxed. Now, Mrs. Evans wondered what would be tried next. A moment of silence came; during the time she stood trembling. She wished that Jesse might happen in from the fields with the workmen. They surely would chase the Indians away.
But her wishes went to naught. Whatever was done she herself must do, she, one woman against nearly a dozen Indians. Soon the Indians threw themselves against the door, hoping, she knew, to burst it off its hinges.
They pounded and pounded. They yelled and yelled. Meantime, Mrs. Evans clung to the gun barrel. She thought of turning loose and making a try at shooting her husband's gun which hung to deer antlers over the fireplace. But if she let loose the Indians would have the gun to which she held. Then, they'd surely pry open the door with it.
Another tug-of-war ensued. The Indians jerked the gun toward them. Bu the trigger guard had caught on the door facing; and it would not go out unless turned, which they didn't seem to think to do.
Now, just what else could she do? She couldn't get the gun over the fireplace. And even though she could they'd get in and tomahawk her and her only surviving child.
Then it occurred to her to try an old ruse.
"Oh, Jesse!" she yelled. "Come on to the house quick. But watch the Indians. Hurry!"
She knew that the Indians couldn't well see over the fence, and she thought they might believe that her husband was approaching the house somewhere beyond it.
This yelling did work. The Indians outside let go the gun, and she thought they were retreating. For a moment she still stood holding to the gun barrel. But soon learning that no one held to the other end, she pulled the weapon through. Then, she looked out a small, high window and saw the savages hurrying away across a field.
For a moment she relaxed, sat down on a homemade stool and felt her strength wane. Then, her little girl came and stood holding to her, weeping and trembling.
And, while she sat grieving for her dead children, she head something outside again. She sprang alert, grabbed the Indian's gun and was ready to defend herself the best she could. Then, a familiar voice called, "Oh, Jesse!"
Now she opened the door. Standing outside was a Mr. Goldsby who lived a little way up the valley.
"Oh, Mr. Goldsby!" the woman wailed. "Indians have been here. They've killed my children. Four of them. And Jesse is out working. Him and other men."
Mr. Goldsby's eyes popped out; and without a word he turned and ran through the slab gate, which now stood ajar, and hurried up the trail and out of sight. After his departure, Mrs. Evans closed the door and latched it again.
"I know he'll go find the men working in the fields," she said to her daughter. "They'll come. They'll save us, if the Indians come back."
She waited and waited. But her husband didn't come. Neither did Mr. Goldsby or anyone else. The Indians had killed all of them. If so, the attackers would be back at the house soon. She'd better leave and hurry to Major Taylor's about two miles distant. She picked up the gun which she had wrested from the Indians and with her surviving daughter set out toward the home of Major John Taylor. She reached her destination in safety and was herself the first to arouse help.
But before men arrived at the Evans cabin, Jesse himself returned to his home from work, entered by the open gate on the side of the house opposite the place where the children lay dead and suspected nothing wrong. He was tired from his labors in the field and sat down to rest.
While he sat, he picked up a book and began to read, just to pass time. But, soon he began to wonder where his wife and children could be. Perhaps they had gone to the spring for water, or they were down in the vegetable garden back of the house.
When they did not return in what he thought was reasonable time, he started out to look for them. He circled the cabin, and there at the back found three of his children killed and scalped.
Dashing back into the house, he took down his gun and started for Major Taylor's to get help. He believed that his wife and two children had been captured and he must summon a company of men to go no pursuit of them.
When he arrived at the Major's his grief became tinged with joy for here was his wife and eldest daughter, alive. He wept. Then, he laughed nervously and thanked God that not all of his family had been killed.
It was already dark, but men came and offered to go after the Indians. A council was held, and it was considered futile to start out in the dark in pursuit of Indians whose direction of retreat they didn't even know.
weren't they, Jesse?" Mrs. Evans asked her husband. "Our other
Before daybreak next morning the men who had gathered at Major Taylor's started out for Jesse's cabin. Upon arriving they buried three little bodies. Just three. Believing, like Mrs. Evans, that the other one had been carried away, they were on the verge of starting out to hunt the trail of retreat, when they heard a child crying beyond the vegetable garden.
cry, ran toward the sound. And down there near the springhouse was
her face covered with dried blood. Sweeping her into his arms, Jesse
her. She said, "I waked up. I want a drink. I went to the spring."
Jesse trembled in sympathy for the child as he looked at her scalp hanging hideously over her forehead. Mumbling consoling words and hugging the child to him, he went to the house; there he had one of the neighbors get a horse ready. Soon he was in the saddle, holding the little girl in his arms. He rode to the nearest frontier doctor who sewed her scalp back in place.
The girl recovered, grew to womanhood, married and reared a large family of her own.
the Goldsby managed to get home, but the excitement and exertion he
brought on a hemorrhage of the lungs; as a result he had to stay in bed
for a long time afterwards. But he slowly recovered.
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