Charles Bickley, Benjamin Graves, and James Bush ordered to view and
report of the best way for a wagon road from Charles Bickley's
to the Courthouse May 15, 1787.
Hamblen and Mary his wife to James Bush acknowledged in court and
to be recorded, June 19, 1787, Law Order Book 1, page 42.
be certified to the register of the Land Office, Mary Turner devisee of
James Bush deceased, and Polly, James, Henry, Jane, Austin, Jacon and
who are all the heirs and the only heirs at law of Ann Neece deceased,
devisee of the said James Bush deceased, are entitled to the land
in the last will and Testament of the said James Bush dec'd which has
surveyed but not patented in this county." October 4, 1825, Law Order
Bush's will: Dated June 20, 1801; beneficiaries named: wife - Mary
children: Drury, Austin, Ann Neece, Mary Turner, others, Thomas
executor; Austin Bush (son); testator signed by mark; witnesses:
Bickley, John Marshall, probated, August 2, 1808, recorded in Will Book
B, page 166.
The date of
Bush's settlement at Castlewood is not known, although it had to be
as his son, Drury Bush, enlisted for militia service on the Clinch in
fall of 1776, at the time being an 18 year old boy.
A fort in
Castlewood is referred to as Bush's Fort, which some think was the same
as Russell's Fort, while others say not. He also had a mill and deeds
to "Bush's Mill Creek."
Two of the
of James and Mary Bush were captured by the Indians in 1780, carried
and rescued by a party of militia and citizens of Castlewood on Jenny's
Creek in present Floyd Co., KY. When the posse surprised the Indians
had gone into camp and were skinning a buffalo they tried to kill the
Ann Bush was tomahawked, but Mary jumped down the creek bank and
injury. Ann survived the tomahawking and in 1783
when 17 Indians attacked Bush's Fort
was again tomahawked and scalped and still survived to raise a family.
According to tradition, when this attack occurred Charles Bickley,
Dickenson and Simon Auxier were working
on a mill when they spied the Indians
out ran them to the fort and, all men of the fort being away, Simon
and Henry Dickenson each killed an Indian with the only two rifles left
in the fort.
attack, Ann Bush was seen approaching the fort with blood streaming
her scalped head. She was taken into the fort and recovered.
The epitaph on
tombstone of Charles Bickley who died in 1839, and was buried in the
cemetery in upper Castlewood, bears this inscription: "He was one of
men who defended Bush's Fort against the attack of
He was paid
services under Captain William Russell, on the 1st pay period during
War. On May 20, 1783, claims of Auditors Office, Commonwealth of VA,
Bush, 348 lbs of neat beef for the use of the
Volunteers under the command of Col.
on their march from the falls of the Ohio to the Monongahela.
VA Land Entry Book shows that James Bush entered 100 acres of land on
south side of Clinch River on March 16, 1783, but the entry does not
his actual settlement date.
On June 19,
James Bush buys 70 acres of land on both sides of Mill Creek from Henry
Hamlin and wife Mary. He sells this same land to Charles Bickley on May
27, 1800 (Russell Co., VA Deed Book 3, page 83).
died in 1808. His will dated June 20, 1801, was probated August 2, 1808
(Russell Co., VA Will Book 3, page 166). In this will only four
are mentioned, two daughters and 2 sons:
Ann Bush who
two tomahawkings by the Indians and married Henry or Jacob Neece.
Mary Bush who
Drury Bush who
married Mary or Nancy _______
Henry Neece was dead prior to or in 1825 as evidenced by the following
order, dated October 4, 1825, and of record in Russell Co., VA, Law
Book "B" which reads:
be certified to the Register of the Land Office, Mary Turner, devisee
James Bush, deceased, and (1) Polly, (2) James, (3) Henry, (4) Jane,
Austin, (6) Jacon and (7) John, who are all the heirs and all the heirs-
at-law of Anne Neece, deceased, devisee
the said James Bush, deceased, are entitled to the land mentioned in
last will and testament of the said James Bush, deceased, which land
been surveyed, but not patented in this
not only proves that Ann was dead in 1825, but gives a complete list of
From the 1850
of Russell Co., VA: Neece, Henry, 60, b. 1790, son of Ann; Mary, 39, b.
1811; John, 37, b. 1813; Hugh, 21, b. 1829; Charles, 18, b. 1832;
14, b. 1836; John, 5, b. 1845 and Anna, 2, b. 1848. Also listed is
Samuel, 34, b. 1816; Catherine, 21, b. 1829 and Patsy B, 1, b. 1849.
of James and Mary Bush, was b. 1765, still alive in 1850 (census) and
in the home with her son, Hugh Turner. Among her children were:
From the 1850
of Russell Co., VA: Turner, Hugh, 46, b. 1804; Elizabeth, 47, b. 1803;
Horatius, 18, b. 1832; Fermire (f), 17, b. 1833; Mary, 15, b. 1835;
13, b. 1837; Wilson, 10, b. 1840 and Mary, 85, b. 1765. Also
is Turner, James, 30, b. 1820, (probably a grandson of Mary);
20, b. 1830; Henry J., 6, b. 1844; James H., 3, b. 1847 and Andrew, 1,
of James and Mary, served in the frontier militia on the Clinch during
Indian troubles enlisting in the fall of 1776, and his services
totaled 2 years. He was born in 1758 in Amherst Co., VA and married
Couch on Clinch River in Russell Co., VA about 1792 or 1793. She was
in 1776, and was therefore 18 years younger than her husband.
Drury Bush was
on General George Rogers Clark's Illinois Expedition.
Bush moved to Kentucky and Drury died in Breathitt Co., KY, April 6,
After his death his widow Nancy moved to Perry Co., and from there to
Co. where she was living in 1853. They reared a large
family, but the names of their children
son of James and Mary Bush, also served as an Indian scout on the
frontier. He never applied for a pension for this service or else died
before the Revolutionary pension act was passed. He was born in 1779
married Nancy _____, b. 1785. They lived in Russell Co., VA and among
children were:  Austin Bush, Jr., b. 1809 or 1811. Russell Co., VA
his age as 39 which would place his birth in 1811. Yet the Wise Co.
Register lists his age as 84 when he died August 6, 1893, which would
his birth in 1809. He married Mary "Polly" Skeens, a daughter of
and Susan Kiser Skeen, who was born in 1811 or 1819. Among their
was: Eliza Ann Bush, b. 1839 and Sylvester Bush, b. 1841 m. Katie Boyd.
 Mary "Polly" Bush m. Joseph
McReynolds.  Nancy Bush m. (1) _____
and (2) Robert Alley in 1858;  William Bush;  Valentine Bush m.
Gose;  _____Bush; m. James Skeen, son of Stephen and Susan Kiser
 Josiah D. Bush;  James Bush,  Elizabeth Bush m. James O.
son of Simon and Phoebe Hollingsworth Dotson.  _____Bush m. William
Fraley;  _____Bush m. David Craig;  ______Bush m. William
 Thomas Bush;  Rebecca Bush;  _____Bush m. J. T. (Thomas)
 Sylvester Bush m. Nancy _____.
son of Austin, Sr. and Mary, was b. in 1811, which makes the 1809
for his brother Austin look more reasonable, unless they were twins.
m. Nancy _____, b. 1814. Among their children was: a] Evelina Bush, b.
1838; [b] Eliza Ann Bush, b. 1838, probably twins; [c] Thomas Bush, b.
1840; [d] Nancy Bush, b. 1842; [e] Margaret Bush, b. 1843; [f] Palmyra
Bush, b. 1845; [g] William Bush, b. 1847 and [h] Susan Bush, b. 1849.
son of Austin, Sr. and Mary, was b. according to the Russell Co., VA
of 1850 in 1809, which again conflicts with the birthdate of his
He m. Nancy Gose, b. 1815. From the 1850 Census of Russell Co., VA is
following: Bush, Valentine, 41, b. 1809; Nancy, 35, b. 1815; Anderson
13, b. 1837; George, 10, b. 1840; William, 8, b. 1842; Stephen F., 7,
1843; Tivis E., 5, b. 1845; Ferman, 2, b. 1848; Gose, Elizabeth, 70, b.
1780 in Wythe Co., VA. She was the mother of Nancy, wife of Valentine
of Austin, Sr. and Nancy m. Robert Alley, in Wise Co., VA, March 11,
Both aged 41 years. He was a son of David and Mary Alley and gave his
of residence as Johnson Co., KY.
order below is from Russell Co., Law Order Book 13, and is probably
to the estate of Austin Bush, Sr.
Page 62: 7
1854. A settlement of the administration accounts of Valentine Bush and
Marion I. Bickley on the estate of Austin Bush, deceased.
Page 266, 2
1855. Valentine Bush and others vs Nancy Bush and others...infant
children of Polly McReynolds by Guardian William L. Dickenson -
in Abingdon Democrat...against Snead and Nancy, his wife; Robert
and the unknown heirs of William Bush who are absent defendants...and
appearing to the Court that partition should be made of the land...and
that dower should be assigned Nancy Bush, widow of said Austin Bush in
said lands...that there are 14 interests to be divided of which Harvey
May is entitled to six interests, to-wit: Valentine Bush, James Skeen
wife, Josiah D. Bush, Austin Bush, Jr., James Bush and McReynolds and
James O. Dotson is entitled to 5 interests to wit: his wife's share,
Fraley and wife, David Craig and wife, William Ramsey and wife, and the
share of Thomas Bush. Rebecca Bush to one share. J. T. Tolbert and his
wife to 1 share, and the heirs of William Bush to one share.
Banner, and Andrew Fraley appointed commissioners to divide land...to
Bush, widow of Austin Bush, deceased, etc.
"Nancy, widow of Austin Bush," must have been a second wife, for the
census lists his wife as "Mary."
In very early
a William Bush lived in the Castlewood settlement, about whom little is
In the pension
of James Kincaid, whose father John Kinkead lived across Clinch River
St. Paul, Wise Co., VA and moved to KY, in 1779, in speaking of Col.
Bowman's going to the assistance of the Kentucky Stations in the summer
of 1777, he says:
one William Bush told our Captain he would raise a Lt's quota (24 men)
if he could command it under (Captain) Rollins. He secured the men,
and brother Joseph (Kincaid) enlisting by consent of father..."
4QQ22, is a letter written to Col. William Preston, by Captain David
from Kentucky River, dated June 26, 1775, in which he requests - "that
entries (land) made by William Bush, William Cowan and himself on
River be taken in (land survey). Memorandum giving exact location and
Bush was a member of Daniel Boone's road cutting party from the Clinch
to Kentucky in 1775. It is very probable that William Bush left the
frontier and settled in Kentucky.
paid for the first pay period under Captain William Russell during
War, which suggests that in 1774 he was living on the Clinch.
War Records, State Archives).
War Pension Application, National Archives, Washington, DC:
place not shown. His age was given in 1833 as 75 years.
that he enlisted in the fall of 1776 on Clinch River in Russell Co.,
served on different tours with the Virginia troops under Capt. William
Russell, John Williams, Robert George, and Col. Montgomery; went on
Clark's Expedition to Illinois; visited Kaskaska, Vincennes and the
of the Ohio River; assisted in capturing Chilicothe and Pickaway Towns
and taking Indians prisoners; served as Private. His alleged service
was pensioned on Certificate No. 26,910, issued July 14, 1834; rate
per annum; Act of June 7, 1832; Kentucky Agency. Nancy Bush, widow of
was pensioned on Certificate No. 3399, issued January 5, 1854; rate
per annum; act of February 3, 1853; Kentucky agency.
Family: He was
to Nancy Couch about 1792 or 1793 in Russell Co., VA near Clinch River.
The date and place of her birth and names of her parents were not
She was 87 years old in 1853. It was stated that they reared a large
of children, but no names were stated.
during service was not given. In 1833 he was residing in Perry Co., KY.
At the time of his death in 1844 he was a resident of Breathitt Co.,
After his death, his widow, Nancy Bush, moved to Perry Co., KY and from
there moved to Estill Co., KY. She was a resident of Estill Co., KY in
1844 in Breathitt Co., KY.
Will Book 2, page 66, is recorded the Will of James Bush: Bush, James,
June 20, 1801: beneficiaries: wife - Mary Bush; children: Drury,
Ann Neass, Mary Turner; others - Thomas McDaniel; executor - Austin
(son); testator signed by mark: Witnesses - Charles Bickley and John
Probated August 2, 1808.
says: This James Bush is apparently the grandfather of Doss Bush who
Polly Skeen, daughter of Stephen and Susannah Kiser Skeen. James Bush's
two daughters, Ann Neece and Mary Turner were captured by Indians. I
you can find something about this in Summers, "History of Washington
or in his reprint of Coales, Wilburn Waters.
The will of
Phillip Bush, dated 10 May 1771, recorded in Court Order Book 2, page
Orange Co., VA, and probated 24 September 1772, reads: "Estate to son
and Sarah, his wife, and their son Phillip, to son Phillip, to son John
and Elizabeth, his wife, son William, grandson Lewis, son Ambrose,
Sarah Watts, Mary Richards, Grandson Franky Johnston. Sons: Phillip and
Francis, Executors." The will was witnessed by James Madison (not the
The same names
appear in the will of Phillip Bush of Orange Co., appear in the Bush
who settled on the Clinch and Holston Rivers.
William Bush exempted from paying county levy.
May 15, 1781:
William Bush and Jessee Cain, Phillip Bush gave one thousand pounds
for administering the estate of Josiah Bush. Jessee Cain lived on Big
Creek and was a brother-in-law of Joseph Davidson, their wives being
Ambrose Bush ordered to help appraise the estate of Thomas Rafferty
Ambrose Bush ordered to help appraise the estate of Hugh Cole. (Holston
clearly lived on the South Fork of Holston somewhere not too far from
as is proved very early from the men who appraised his estate (John
Sr., Daniel Reamy, William McCutcheon and Elisha Dungin). The land lay
at or near the Smythe Co. line and near the Iron Mountain.
was granted to Phillip Bush and this Phillip was in Edmondson's Company
(near present Lodi). There was also Ambrose Bush, in this same company,
and the same Ambrose who appraised the estates of Thomas Rafferty and
Cole, both South Fork men, there being a Rafferty's Knob in Smyth Co.,
on the south side of the South Fork of Holston.
in Captain Aaron Lewis' Company and these people lived between
in the 1782 tithables was William Bush, who was with Jessee Cain (he
a Clinch man, living on Houston's settlement on Moccasin Creek)
for the estate of Josiah Bush. In 1782, William was in William
company and that was near Seven Mile Ford.
Bush was the same, or different to the William Bush who helped Boone
the road to Kentucky in 1775 and who had taken up land on the Kentucky
River in 1775 is not proven.
in his Revolutionary War pension claim filed in Lafayette Co., MO, in
that William Bush, met Captain Rollins near Abingdon and agreed to
a Lt's quota if he could command it under Captain Paulin. He further
that at the time Bush was living in his neighborhood of Castlewood.
Co., VA tithables of 1782 was: Bush, Ambrose and Phillip.
Co. (then VA) KY in 1787 were: Charles, Ambrose, Phillip, Phillip, Jr.,
Sarah, William, and William Bush
in his unpublished diary written in 1845, page 165, in speaking of his
grandfather John Dunkin's service on the Clinch frontier states:
while he then lived on Clinch, a predatory band of Indians came into
settlement and murdered a man named Bush and his wife, and took their
three daughters and a son prisoners. The son was nearly grown.
a few men followed the trail, and by hard marching overtook them,
three of the Indians, and rescued the prisoners without losing a man.
This event had
have happened in 1777 or earlier for in 1778-1779 John Dunkin was in
growing a crop and building a house on Licking River where he moved his
family during the winter of 1779-1780 and was there captured by the
and Indians and held until after the Revolution.
in his pension statement that 12 or 13 families were killed by the
in the Castlewood settlement in 1777 and this could be one of these
he refers to since all have not been identified.
A reference in
pension statement of Thomas McSpadden (VA 2813) may also tie in with
since Capt. Edmondson lived on the Holston, as did some of the Bushes,
the service under William Edmondson, Captain and, he thinks, John
Lieutenant, in the summer of the year 1777. He served a tour of two
Captain Edmondson pursued them as far as Sandy River and judging from
trail and the freshness of the signs we had nearly overtaken Indians
was prevented from further pursuit from the sickness of George Teeter
we could not leave.
same summer crossed over Clinch River and killed a family called Beck.
He had but just returned home from Richlands Station as one of the
and was at home only two or three days, when the depredation and murder
of the Beck family occurred and he then was called upon to immediately
to turn out and pursue them as stated above.
McSpadden may point up that the Bush and Beck families were among the
killed as James Kincaid states, the records of most Indian atrocities
scanty or non-existent after the well documented period of 1774, just
to and after Dunmore's War.