What was a Fell Monger?
and other occupations


Almoner-Gave charity to the needy

Amanuensis-Secretary or stenographer

Artificer-A soldier mechanic who does repairs



Bluestocking-Female writer

Boniface-Inn Keeper

Brazier- One who works with brass

Brewster-Beer manufacturer

Brightsmith-Metal Worker


Caulker-One who filled up cracks (in ships or   windows) or seems to make them watertight by using tar or oakum

Chaisemaker-Carriage maker

Chandler-Dealer or trader; one who makes or sells candles; retailer of groceries

Chiffonnier-Wig maker


Clerk-Clergyman, cleric

Clicker-The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite customers; one who received the matter in the galley from the compositors and arranged it in due form ready for printing; one who makes eyelet holes in boots using a machine which clicked.


Collier-Coal miner

Colporteur-Peddler of books

Cooper- One who makes or repairs vessels made of staves & hoops, such as casks, barrels, tubs, etc.

Cordwainer-Shoemaker, originally any leather worker using leather from Cordova/Cordoba in Spain

Costermonger-Peddler of fruits and vegetables



Currier-One who dresses the coat of a horse with a curry comb; one who tanned leather by incorporating oil or grease

Docker-Stevedore, dock worker who loads and unloads cargo

Dowser-One who finds water using a rod or witching stick

Draper-A dealer in dry goods

Drayman-One who drives a long strong cart without fixed sides for carrying heavy loads

Dresser-A surgeon's assistant in a hospital

Drover-One who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market; a dealer in cattle

Duffer- Peddler

Factor- Agent, commission merchant; one who acts or transacts business for another; Scottish steward or bailiff of an estate

Farrier-A blacksmith, one who shoes horses


Fell Monger-One who removes hair or wool from hides in preparation for leather making

Fletcher-One who made bows and arrows

Fuller-One who fulls cloth; one who shrinks and thickens woolen cloth by moistening, heating, and pressing; one who cleans and finishes cloth Gaoler

Glazier-Window glassman

Hacker-Maker of hoes

Hatcheler-One who combed out or carded flax

Haymonger- Dealer in hay

Hayward-Keeper of fences

Higgler-Itinerant peddler

Hillier-Roof tiler

Hind-A farm laborer

Hostler-A groom who took care of horses, often at an inn


Hooper-One who made hoops for casks and barrels

Huckster-Sells small wares

Husbandman-A farmer who cultivated the land

Jagger-Fish peddler

Journeyman-One who had served his apprenticeship and mastered his craft, not bound to serve a master, but hired by the day

Joyner/Joiner-A skilled carpenter


Kempster-Wool comber

Lardner-Keeper of the cupboard

Lavender-Washer woman

Lederer-Leather maker



Lormer-Maker of horse gear



Manciple-A steward


Mintmaster-One who issued local currency

Monger-Seller of goods (ale, fish)


Neatherder-Herds cows

Ordinary Keeper-Innkeeper with fixed prices

Pattern Maker-A maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog was a wooden pole with a pattern cut into the end

Peregrinator- Itinerant wanderer

Peruker-A wig maker

Pettifogger-A shyster lawyer

Pigman-Crockery dealer

Plumber-One who applied sheet lead for roofing and set lead frames for plain or stained glass windows.

Porter-Door keeper

Puddler-Wrought iron worker. The skilled man who supervised the moten mass, deciding when it was ready for shingling, hammering and rolling.

Quarrier-Quarry worker

Rigger-Hoist tackle worker

Ripper- Seller of fish

Roper-Maker of rope or nets

Saddler-One who makes, repairs or sells saddles or other furnishings for horses


Sawyer-One who saws; carpenter


Scribler-A minor or worthless author

Scrivener-Professional or public copyist or writer; notary public

Scrutiner- Election judge

Shrieve- Sheriff


Slopseller-Seller of ready

Snobscat/Snob-One who repaired shoes


Spinster-A woman who spins or an unmarried woman

Spurrer-Maker of spurs

Squire-Country gentleman; farm owner; justice of peace

Stuff Gown-Junior barrister

Stuff Gownsman-Junior barrister

Supercargo-Officer on merchant ship who is in charge of cargo and the commercial concerns of the ship

Tanner-One who tans (cures) animal hides into leather

Tapley- One who puts the tap in an ale cask


Teamster-One who drives a team for hauling


Tide waiter-Customs inspector

Tinker-An itinerant tin pot and pan seller and repairman


Travers-Toll bridge collection

Tucker-Cleaner of cloth goods

Turner-A person who turns wood on a lathe into spindles

Victualer-A tavern keeper, or one who provides an army, navy, or ship with food supplies


Wagoner-Teamster not for hire

Wainwright-Wagon maker

Waiter-Customs officer or tide waiter; one who waited on the tide to collect duty on goods brought in

Waterman-Boatman who plies for hire

Webster-Operator of looms

Wharfinger-Owner of a wharf

Wheelwright-One who made or repaired wheels; wheeled carriages, etc.

Whitesmith-Tinsmith; worker of iron who finishes or polishes the work

Whitewing-Street sweeper

Whitster-Bleach of cloth

Wright-Workman, especially a construction worker

Yeoman-Farmer who owns his own land

return to main page

Copyright Notice
All files on this site are copyrighted by their creator. They may not be reproduced on another site without specific permission from Vickie Sturgill Stevens . Although public information is not in and of itself copyrightable, the format in which they are presented, the notes and comments, etc., are.