The Blackmores of Blackmore's
The Blackmore brothers, Captain John and Joseph, probably came to Scott
County from Fauquier County, VA, for George Blackmore, son of Captain John,
says in his Revolutionary War pension claim that he was born in Fauquier
County, May 14, 1763. Upon arrival on the Clinch sometime in the year 1773,
settled on that river, near the mouth of
Stoney Creek, and here, in the spring of 1774, they built a small fort
known as Blackmore s Fort which served the early settlers of that area
until the last Indian raid by Benge in the year 1794.
The fort was many
times attacked and under siege by the Indians, both Cherokee and Shawnee
and many settlers were killed and taken captive in the area during the
two decades of troubled times. Both Logan, the Mingo chieftain, and Benge,
the half-breed Cherokee Chief, who lived both among the Cherokee and Shawnee
nations, attacked the fork on more than one occasion. Just across the road
from where the old fort stood is a graveyard with many rough stones as
markers where rests the remains of those who died from natural causes and
those who fell victim to the bloody tomahawk of the vanquished savage who
was also fighting for his native land.
In the year of 1779,
Captain John Blackmore and his family, along with the families of Johnathan
Jennings, Edward Douglas, and perhaps others, left the area and rafted
down the Clinch and found the settlement of Nashboro, which later became
the city of Nashville, TN, becoming the first family of that area. Prior
to leaving Fort Blackmore, Johnathan Jennings had lost a son, the victim
of an Indian attack as had Edward Douglas when his young son John Douglas
was killed in Little Moccasin Gap. While rafting to Nashboro the convoy
was attacked by Indians and the family of Johnathan Jennings was destroyed.
After their settlement in Tennessee, John Blackmore, the son of Captain
John, was also slain by the Indians.
The families of
Captain John Blackmore, Edward Douglas, and perhaps also the family of
Johnathan Jennings were related through inter-marriage. Among the children
of Captain John Blackmore was George who married Sarah Douglas, and he,
George, was a Drummer for the militia troops while they were stationed
in his father s fort. Almore (Elmore) Douglas who married a daughter of
John Blackmore; John Blackmore, Jr., and Thomas Blackmore. Of the daughters
I have no record, except the one who married Almore Douglas.
brother of Captain John, lived on in the area after his brother moved to
the Cumberland in Tennessee. He suffered more at the hands of the Indians
than did the family of his brother John. He had a daughter Mary "Molly"
Blackmore who had perhaps first married a Chadwell, for she had a daughter
Cynthia Chadwell. She then married Jessee Adams and had twelve children
by this marriage in the year 1782. Jessee Adams and ten of his children
lived at the head of Stock Creek, two children Johnathan and Sally Adams
somehow escaping massacre, as did their mother massacre and the escape
of the mother and two children being unknown to this writer. Later Mary
Adams married Henry Hamlin, whose first wife was also named Mary and had
been killed by the Indians about 1783 in the Castlewood section. Mary Adams
Hamlin was also killed by the Indians at Blackmore s Fort in 1790, and
there has arisen much controversy and confusion about the killings of Henry
Hamlin s wives, since both were named Mary and both killed by the Indians.
Joseph Blackmore had another daughter Hannah, who married Richard Byrd
and lived on Moccasin Creek near Gate City. This Richard Byrd was closely
related to Col. William Byrd of Westover.
On April 6, 1789,
Joseph Blackmore had two other children, whose names are unknown to me,
slain by the Indians. When Bishop Frances Asbury of the Methodist Church
visited Fort Blackmore in 1790, he made the two following entries in his
Journal: "1790, Wednesday, April 28. We have had cold weather and severe
frosts for two nights past. We had a dreary ride down to the ford of Clinch,
through a solitary plain. We rode down to Blackmore s Station, here the
people have been forted on the north side of the Clinch. Poor Blackmore
had a son and daughter killed by the Indians. They are of the opinion here
that the Cherokees were the authors of this mischief.
Friday, 30. Crossed
Clinch about two miles below the fort. In passing along I saw the precipice
from which Blackmore s unhappy son leaped into the river after receiving
the stroke of the tomahawk in the head; I suppose by measure of my eye,
it must be between fifty and sixty feet in descent; his companion was shot
dead upon the spot; this happened on the 6th of April, 1789."
There is also a
confirming article published in the West Christian Advocate, November 1,
1859, by J. S. Hind
(Draper Mss 5 C 13).
"One of the Blackmores
resided on Clinch and the Indians attacked his family on April 6, 1789,
killing a son and daughter, and another son who ran for the river, leaping
into the stream some 50 to 60 feet. His companion with him was shot dead
upon the spot."
From the above quotes
it may be that a third person, "the companion" might also have been killed,
unless he was the brother.
[Clinch Valley Times,
September 30, 1965]